domingo, 30 de abril de 2017

LOS AJEDRECISTAS DEL MUNDO DE ALTO NIVEL. Autor: Fernando Emilio Saavedra Palma. Para: El G.M.Boris Gulko.

Fotografía tomada de la revista Ajedrez Internacional.

Autor: Fernando Emilio Saavedra Palma.
Para: El G.M.Boris Gulko.

Los torneos del mundo se clasifican por su enorme fuerza ajedrecistica
y por supuesto a los jugadores que siempre están en la primera mesa
ahí de generación en generación se ve a los de alto nivel en la jugada
los ajedrecistas del mundo fuertes compiten y miden su fuerza.

El G.M. Boris Gulko es uno de ellos y lo dice su historia
en cada partida registrada
en cada partida entrenada
en campeones del mundo que conocen su mano pesada.

El G.M. Boris Gulko impone en cada torneo que juega su fuerza
su personalidad está viva en la competencia
su realidad es 100% ajedrecística
El G.M.Boris Gulko esta hasta el día de hoy haciendo historia viva.

Boris Franzevich Gulko (Russian: Борис Францевич Гулько; IPA: [bɐˈrʲis ɡʊlʲˈko]; born February 9, 1947) is a Soviet-American International Grandmaster in chess. His peak Elo rating was 2644 in 2000.
Gulko is noted to be the only person to win both the Soviet Chess Championship and the U.S. Chess Championship, and for having a positive score against Garry Kasparov.
Boris Gulko was born in 1947 to a Jewish family. His father was a soldier of the Red Army and was stationed in East Germany. His family returned to the Soviet Union after a few years. Gulko became an International Master in 1975, and a Grandmaster in 1976. He won the USSR Chess Championship at Leningrad in 1977 along with Iosif Dorfman. The Soviets usually would break ties for the title of Soviet Champion with a multi-game match and 1977 was no exception. However, Gulko and Dorfman were even after the six game playoff, so they shared the title and prestige of Soviet Champion. They finished half a point ahead of a field that included three former World Champions. Shortly after, Gulko applied to leave the country, but permission was refused. He and his wife, Anna Akhsharumova, who is a Woman Grandmaster of chess, became prominent Soviet Refuseniks. As a vehement anti-Communist, he was once arrested and beaten by KGB agents.
They weren't allowed in top-level chess competition until the period of glasnost arrived, and Gulko was finally allowed to immigrate to the United States in 1986. "Thirty-nine is too old to start playing and training to reach the highest achievement in chess," said Boris, "those seven years were a serious blow for my chess career, but I don’t regret them."
After moving to the U.S. he won the U.S. Chess Championship in 1994 and 1999. He is the only chess player ever to have held both the American and Soviet championship titles. Gulko also holds an amazing positive score against Garry Kasparov, with three victories, four draws, and only one defeat, in games played from 1978 to 2001 (according to ChessGames.com).
Gulko was subject to anti-semitic discrimination 20 years later. He qualified to play at the 2004 World Chess Championship in Libya. The president of the Libyan Organizing Committee, dictator Gaddafi’s son, announced: “We did not and will not invite the Zionist enemies to this championship.” Gulko and several other Jewish players withdrew from the tournament, and Gulko said in a letter[3] to Kirsan Ilyumzhinov, the president of FIDE: “I implore you not to be the first president of FIDE to preside over the first world chess championship from which Jews are excluded. Our magnificent and noble game does not deserve such a disgrace.”
Gulko played for Soviet Union in the Chess Olympiad of 1978 and for the United States in the Chess Olympiads of 1988–2004.[4] He is still playing chess, although he does not participate in a large number of tournaments. Today the Gulkos live in Fair Lawn, New Jersey.

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